BRITISH KINGS AND QUEENS HISTORICALLY TRACED THEIR AUTHORITY FROM GOD

BRITISH KINGS AND QUEENS HISTORICALLY TRACED THEIR AUTHORITY FROM GOD. WEBER CALLED THIS __________.

1)
True or False. The research clearly indicates that social media has a significant influence on voters decisions about candidates and political issues.
(1pts)
True

False
2)
​__________ is the social institution through which power is acquired and exercised by various groups and individuals.
(1pts)

Politics

Religion

Government

Economics
3)
British kings and queens historically traced their authority from God. Weber called this __________.
(1pts)

coercive authority

rational–legal authority

traditional authority

charismatic authority
4)
​__________ authority is held by elected or appointed government officials, but authority is invested in the office, not in the person who holds the office.
(1pts)

Rational-Legal

Traditional

Coercive

Charismatic
5)

​__________ is a political system in which power resides in one person or family and is passed from generation to generation through lines of inheritance.
(1pts)

Totalitarianism

Communism

Monarchy

Democracy
6)
​__________ result when military officers seize power from the government, as has happened in recent decades in Argentina, Chile, and Haiti.
(1pts)

Dictatorships

Absolute monarchies

Military juntas

Direct participatory democracies
7)
Citizen groups such as the American Conservative Union and Zero Population Growth are examples of __________.
(1pts)

power elites

special interest groups

ruling class

political action committees
8)
The __________ make(s) up the middle level of C. Wright Mill’s pyramidal model of the power elite.
(1pts)

executive branch of government

legislative branch, special interest groups, and local opinion leaders

corporate rich

unorganized masses of the citizenry
9)
William Domhoff used the term __________ to refer to a small, fixed, privileged group of people with the power to constrain the political system and serve the interests of capitalism.
(1pts)

ruling class

political action committee

power elite

special interest group
10)
Political __________ is the process by which people learn political attitudes, values, and behavior.
(1pts)

persuasion

conformity

participation

socialization
11)
Even in Presidential election years, voter turnout can be low. For example, in the 2012 presidential election, approximately __________ of eligible voters cast ballots.
(1pts)

30%

50%

25%

60%
12)
​The U.S. government employs about __________ people, excluding the U.S. Postal Service.
(1pts)

2.1 million

100,000

250,000

1.3 million
13)
​__________ is an economic system characterized by private ownership of the means of production, from which personal profits can be derived through market competition and without government intervention.
(1pts)

socialism

imperialism

capitalism

democracy
14)
True or False. Illness is a social construction; definitions may change over time and between cultures.​
(1pts)
True
False
15)
At one time, health was considered to be simply the absence of disease. However, today the World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as the __________.​
(1pts)

absence of sickness, viruses, and physical pains

state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being

state of equilibrium, with all the parts in balance

absence of infection
16)
__________ is the term for an institutional system concerned with the scientific diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of illness.​
(1pts)

Holistic Medicine

Health care

Scientific Medicine

Medicine
17)
__________ is the study of the causes and distribution of health, disease, and impairment throughout a population.​
(1pts)

Social medicine

Sociology of medicine

Social health

Social epidemiology
18)
Which of these is an example of a chronic disease?​
(1pts)

infection

diabetes

stroke

pregnancy
19)
A child born in the United States in 2013 has a life expectancy of __________.​
(1pts)

67

71.8

78.7

53.2
20)
Which of these is not a condition that has been attributed to long-term chronic heavy drinking or alcoholism?​
(1pts)

nutritional deficiencies

alcoholic cirrhosis

cardiovascular problems

hearing impairment
21)
What is the world’s leading infectious killer?​
(1pts)

Ebola

HIV/AIDS

cancer

SARS
22)
Throughout its history in the United States, payment for medical care has been __________.​
(1pts)

through the federal government

on a fee-for-service basis

taken care of by health maintenance organizations

through a third-party provider
23)
​__________ is a nationwide public health insurance program that is a jointly funded federal–state–local program established to make health care more available to the poor.
(1pts)

Medicare

Social Security

Medicaid

Social health insurance
24)
In 2012, __________ of all full-time workers in the United States lacked health insurance.​
(1pts)

25%

10%

15%

5%
25)
In Great Britain, the government sets health care policies, raises funds and controls the medical care budget, owns health care facilities, and directly employs physicians and other health care personnel. This is an example of a(n):
(1pts)

managed care system

fee-for-service health care system

universal health care system

socialized medicine system
26)
True or False. In most areas of the world today, women are having fewer children than they have in the past.
(1pts)
True
False
27)
True or False. Capitalism and innovative technologies are successfully solving the problems of overpopulation.​
(1pts)
True
False
28)
__________ is a subfield of sociology that examines population size, composition, and distribution.​
(1pts)

Ecology

Popography

Demography

Statistics
29)
The level of fertility in a society is based on biological and social factors, the primary biological factor being __________.​
(1pts)

the roles available to women in a society

the general health and nutrition of women

the number of women of childbearing age

the prevalent viewpoint regarding what constitutes the “ideal” family size
30)
According to the categories defined by the United Nations, the United States is a __________ country.
(1pts)

high-fertility

low-fertility

intermediate-fertility

fertility-neutral
31)
The __________ is considered an important reflection of a society’s level of preventive medical care, maternal nutrition, childbirth procedures, and neonatal care for infants.​
(1pts)

crude death rate

fecundity minus actual fertility rate

life expectancy

infant mortality rate
32)
​__________ refers to the physical location of people throughout a geographic area; __________ is the term for the number of people within a given geographic area.
(1pts)

Migration; distribution

Distribution; density

Immigration; distribution

Density; distribution
33)
In the United States, after the Civil War, thousands of African Americans moved from the South to the North. This is an example of __________ .​
(1pts)

emigration

cross-national migration

international migration

internal migration
34)
One measure of population composition is the __________, which is the number of males for every hundred females in a given population.
(1pts)

rate of gender composition

sex ratio

demographic transition

gender gap
35)
English economist Thomas Malthus argued that the population would increase in a geometric (exponential) progression whereas the food supply would increase only by an arithmetic progression; thus, a __________ occurs.
(1pts)

limit to growth

negative check

doubling effect

preventive check
36)
During the demographic transition stage of __________, very little population growth occurs because both birth rates and death rates are low.​
(1pts)

early industrialization

agriculturalism

advanced industrialization and urbanization

preindustrial societies
37)
​__________ suggests that as the natural resources, land, and workforce in low-income countries with little or no industrialization have come under the influence of international markets, there has been a corresponding flow of migrants from those nations to the highly industrialized, high-income countries.
(1pts)

Network theory

Institutional theory

World systems theory

Split-labor-market theory
38)
__________ is the study of the relationship between people and their physical environment.​
(1pts)

biology

demography

geography

human ecology
39)
Collective behavior lacks the organizational structure of other forms of behavior.​
(1pts)
True
False
40)
True or False. Collective behavior is very contemporary; it began with the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s.​
(1pts)
True
False
41)
Sociologists define __________ as the alteration, modification, or transformation of public policy, culture, or social institutions over time.​
(1pts)

social innovation

social change

social divergence

culture wars
42)
__________ is voluntary, often spontaneous activity that is engaged in by a large number of people and typically violates dominant-group norms and values.​
(1pts)

Collective behavior

Social change

Institutional behavior

Organizational behavior
43)
__________ crowds provide opportunities for the display of some strong emotion (such as joy, excitement, or grief). People release their pent-up emotions in conjunction with other persons experiencing similar emotions.​
(1pts)

acting

expressive

instrumental

conventional
44)
A(n) __________ is a highly emotional crowd whose members engage in, or are ready to engage in, violence against a specific target (such as a person, a category of people, or physical property).​
(1pts)

riot

mob

aggregate

brawl
45)
The looting and other behavior that took place in Los Angeles after the Rodney King trial and celebrations that turn violent after some sporting events are both examples of __________.
(1pts)

mobs

riots

collectivities

aggregates
46)
A(n) __________ is a form of crowd behavior that occurs when a large number of people react to a real or perceived threat with strong emotions and self-destructive behavior.​
(1pts)

aggregate

mob

panic

collectivity
47)
Sometimes acts of civil disobedience become violent, as in a confrontation between protesters and police officers. In this case, a protest crowd becomes a/an __________ crowd.
(1pts)

conventional

expressive

acting

casual
48)
From the perspective of __________, individuals with similar characteristics or attitudes seek others who are similar with whom they can express their predispositions to behave and feel in different ways.​
(1pts)

mob psychology

emergent norm theory

circular reaction

convergence theory
49)
Not all collective behavior takes place in face-to-face collectivities. __________ behavior is collective behavior that takes place when people who may be geographically separated from one another respond to the same event in much the same way.​
(1pts)

riot

mob

mass

panic
50)
Tabloid newspapers and magazines such as the National Enquirer and People, and television entertainment “news” programs that present “inside” information on the lives of celebrities, are sources of contemporary __________.
(1pts)

mass hysteria

hearsay

gossip

panic

 

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