Module 2 – Background


Required Reading

Cornell University Library (2013). Distinguishing scholarly from non-scholarly periodicals: A checklist of criteria. Retrieved from http://guides.library.cornell.edu/content.php?pid=318840&sid=2609009

CQ University Library (2013). Evaluating books, journals, journal articles and websites. Retrieved from http://libguides.library.cqu.edu.au/content.php?pid=88010&sid=654786

Johns Hopkins Sheridan Libraries (2017). Evaluating information found on the Internet. Retrieved from http://guides.library.jhu.edu/c.php?g=202581&p=1334997

Murray, N. (2008). How should I structure my writing? In Writing up your university assignments and research projects: A practical handbook (pp. 67-77). Berkshire, England: Open University Press.

Murray, N. (2008). What are the key functions in academic writing? In Writing up your university assignments and research projects: A practical handbook (pp. 3-43). Berkshire, England: Open University Press.

The Hunt Library (2015). Evaluating sources for credibility

. Accessed from  https://youtu.be/PLTOVoHbH5c

The Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) (2018). Types of outlines and samples. The Writing Lab, The OWL at Purdue, and Purdue University. Retrieved from https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/the_writing_process/developing_an_outline/types_of_outlines.html

The Writing Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (2013). Evidence analysis. Retrieved from http://writingcenter.unc.edu/faculty-resources/classroom-handouts/evidence-analysis/

University of California, Berkeley Library (2012). Evaluating web pages: Techniques to apply and questions to ask. Retrieved from http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/Internet/Evaluate.html

Optional Reading

Sacramento State University Library (2017.) APA Style Guide: Table 6.1 Basic Citation Styles.  http://csus.libguides.com/content.php?pid=134045&sid=1151388

California State University, Chico, Merriam Library (2011). What is a scholarly article? Retrieved from http://www.csuchico.edu/lins/handouts/scholarly.pdf

Green, C.W., & Swygart-Hobaugh, M. (n.d.). A guide to evaluating resources: Scholarly vs. non-scholarly, primary vs. secondary, and Internet/WWW. Retrieved from  http://www.cornellcollege.edu/politics/courses/allin/Misc/guide%20to%20evaluating%20resources.pdf

The Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) (2011). Retrieved from  https://owl.english.purdue.edu/

University of Southern California Libraries (2017). Organizing your social science research paper. Retrieved from http://libguides.usc.edu/content.php?pid=83009&sid=645284

Optional Resources

Purdue Online Writing Lab. (2018). General format. Retrieved from https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/general_format.html

Purdue Online Writing Lab. (2018). In-text citations: The basics. Retrieved from https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/in_text_citations_the_basics.html

Purdue Online Writing Lab. (2018). Reference list: Basic rules. Retrieved from https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/reference_list_basic_rules.html


Case Assignment

Having completed the required module readings and viewed the video on Evaluating sources for credibility

from https://youtu.be/PLTOVoHbH5c , you should now be ready to identify scholarly sources on your own. There are two-parts for this assignment.

Part I: Using the same topic you have chosen in SLP 1. (HIV)

1. Identify 8-10 scholarly sources relevant to the topic. These should include primarily journal articles (at least 8), but you may supplement these with books, book chapters, or government documents.

2. Compile a reference list using APA format—this is a requirement for this assignment.

3. Respond to the questions posed on the Evidence Analysis Worksheet, which can be found in the Background Information section of this module.

Length: The written component of this part of the assignment should be 3-4 pages long (double-spaced). Part II: Murray (2008) outlines six specific functions of academic writing. These include defining, describing, comparing and contrasting, classifying, explaining causes and effects, and developing an argument. These are used at different phases of the writing process.

1. Choose two functions of academic writing.

2. Using the Murray chapter as a guide, complete the following tasks relative to those functions.

3. Provide your written responses in a single document file, which you should upload by the end of this module.

Length: The written component of this part of the assignment should be 2-3 pages long (double-spaced).


1. Choose 3-4 health science-related terms you wish to define.

2. Break each down into a category.

3. Note distinguishing characteristics of each.

4. Use this information to create a sentence defining each term.

5. Explain how one of these would be used were you to develop a research report (be sure to clarify your own interpretation of the term).


1. Describe the sequence of steps required to complete a specific task or describe how something works (these should be health-related).

2. Use complete sentences in doing so with appropriate linking words and phrases between each.

3. Divide your description into paragraphs if necessary. (“Question for Thought” – Under what circumstances might it become necessary to use multiple paragraphs as opposed to one?)

Comparing and Contrasting:

1. Compare and contrast two closely related terms/concepts/systems/theories relevant to the health sciences.

2. Note their similarities and differences.

3. Use appropriate linking words and phrases.

4. Provide a brief introductory sentence or paragraph.


1. Complete Section 1.5, Task 2 in the Murray chapter. Provide written responses to each of the questions posed in the text.

Explaining Causes and Effects:

1. Use “words and phrases associated with cause and effect” to draft a cause and effect paragraph on your chosen topic (see Section 1.6.1 of the Murray chapter).

Developing an Argument:

1. Complete Section 1.7.3, Task 2 or Section 1.7.4, Task 3 in the Murray chapter. Provide written responses to each of the questions posed in the text.

Format: APA format is required for this assignment.


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