Final Exam

Final Exam

 

The Streams Metaphor is associated with which scholar?

Answer

[removed] Paul Sabatier.
[removed] John Kingdon.
[removed] David Easton.
[removed] Helen Ingram.

2 points   

Question 2

1.

“Pork barrel” spending is most closely associated with which policy type?

Answer

[removed] regulatory policies.
[removed] distributive polices.
[removed] redistributive policies.
[removed] agenda policies.

2 points   

Question 3

1.

The Advocacy Coalition Framework illustrates

Answer

[removed] The important role of interest groups.
[removed] How implementation takes place in policy subsystems rather than in one-to-one relationships.
[removed] How members of Congress can work together to set the national agenda.
[removed] The centrality of the executive branch in setting the national agenda.

2 points   

Question 4

1.

Log rolling by legislators often leads to _______ spending

Answer

[removed] pork barrel
[removed] wise
[removed] cost effective
[removed] representative
[removed] transparent

2 points   

Question 5

1.

From 2008 to 2011, the federal budget deficit as a proportion of GDP

Answer

[removed] Sharply grew.
[removed] Gradually grew.
[removed] Declined.
[removed] Remained flat.
[removed] Wildly changed as economic problems have come and gone.

2 points   

Question 6

1.

Material inducements to join are most closely associated with which unofficial actors?

Answer

[removed] think tanks
[removed] news media
[removed] interest groups
[removed] political parties

2 points   

Question 7

1.

The main critique of the “stages” model of the policy process is that it

Answer

[removed] is too complicated.
[removed] assumes a linear and orderly policy process.
[removed] ignores politics.
[removed] fails to account for the shortcomings of Congress.

2 points   

Question 8

1.

The systematic study of bureaucracy was first associated with

Answer

[removed] Aaron Wildavsky.
[removed] Larry Sabato.
[removed] Max Weber.
[removed] Paul Sabatier.

2 points   

Question 9

1.

The mutually reinforcing relationship between a congressional subcommittee, a federal agency, and regulated interest groups is known as the _____________model of policy relationships.

Answer

[removed] triple play
[removed] iron triangle
[removed] iron cross
[removed] golden triangle
[removed] iron network

2 points   

Question 10

1.

The laws that made when judges and courts make decisions are called _____________

Answer

[removed] statutes.
[removed] case law.
[removed] regulations.
[removed] statues.
[removed] out laws.

2 points   

Question 11

1.

Protective regulatory policy

Answer

[removed] regulates competition between actors in society and the market place.
[removed] distributes resources amongst various members of the public.
[removed] regulates the interactions between welfare recipients and the wealthiest members of society.
[removed] seeks to protect the public from the negative effects of private activity.

2 points   

Question 12

1.

Political learning entails

Answer

[removed] learning about better strategies for making political arguments.
[removed] an evaluation of policy tools and techniques.
[removed] an analysis of attitudes towards program goals.
[removed] learning about how to use computer technology to improve implementation.

2 points   

Question 13

1.

The news media

Answer

[removed] Have little role in the policy process because they simply cover celebrity news and fluff.
[removed] Are important for highlighting issues and problems, but do not generally provide policy solutions.
[removed] Are central to the policy process.
[removed] Are ignored by policy makers because they have their own source of expertise and information.

2 points   

Question 14

1.

An economic depression is characterized by

Answer

[removed] extremely high unemployment and significant reduction in the GDP that is deeper and longer than a typical recession.
[removed] a period of economic contraction when the value of the GDP shrinks for two consecutive quarters.
[removed] a crisis in the stock market.
[removed] a rise in the national gross product.

2 points   

Question 15

1.

If I were to say that focus of policy studies should be on the actions of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches, what approach to policy studies would I be adopting?

Answer

[removed] rational-choice theory
[removed] elite theory
[removed] institutionalism
[removed] group theory
[removed] pluralism

2 points   

Question 16

1.

Which of these statements is true?

Answer

[removed] Voting turnout is always lower for congressional elections than for presidential elections.
[removed] Voting turnout is always higher for congressional elections than for presidential elections.
[removed] Voting turnout for presidential and congressional elections is roughly equal.
[removed] Voting turnout is dependent on fluctuating demographics.

2 points   

Question 17

1.

Muckraking is a term applied to

Answer

[removed] activist groups holding demonstrations and rallies to force policy change.
[removed] descriptive journalism.
[removed] investigative journalism.
[removed] objective journalism.

2 points   

Question 18

1.

The allocation of television and radio frequencies and the awarding of cable television franchises are examples of which policy type?

Answer

[removed] redistributive
[removed] competitive regulatory
[removed] protective regulatory
[removed] procedural

2 points   

Question 19

1.

The phenomenon that involves members of a legislature agreeing to vote for each other’s spending bills is known as _____________

Answer

[removed] voting.
[removed] logrolling.
[removed] vote winking.
[removed] a Yankee gentlemen’s agreement.
[removed] proxy voting.

2 points   

Question 20

1.

Social Construction refers to

Answer

[removed] urban sprawl.
[removed] the elite.
[removed] the process of defining problems and the causes of them.
[removed] changing conditions over time.

2 points   

Question 21

1.

Outputs from the systems model of politics and policy include

Answer

[removed] Laws, regulations, and decisions.
[removed] Election results, public opinion, communication to elected officials, and personal experiences of decision makers.
[removed] Rules developed by administrative agencies.
[removed] Items and issues not essential to the policy process.

2 points   

Question 22

1.

Official Actors in the policy process gain their role by virtue of:

Answer

[removed] monetary wealth.
[removed] a statutory or constitutional role.
[removed] vested interests.
[removed] heredity.

2 points   

Question 23

1.

The theory that states that a few people in government, business, academia, and the media have a disproportionate share of the control over America’s political and economic resources is called

Answer

[removed] rational-choice theory.
[removed] elite theory.
[removed] institutionalism.
[removed] group theory.
[removed] pluralism.

2 points   

Question 24

1.

Group mobilization refers to the idea that

Answer

[removed] groups mount big get-out-the-vote campaigns.
[removed] people are apathetic and never get involved in policy making.
[removed] people can be persuaded to care about issues and become more active in discussions of politics and policy.
[removed] most people are always politically active and engaged in group politics in some way.

2 points   

Question 25

1.

Government agencies are part of what branch of government?

Answer

[removed] judicial
[removed] legislative
[removed] executive
[removed] state government

2 points   

Question 26

1.

The Advocacy Coalition Framework illustrates

Answer

[removed] the important role of interest groups and group alliances.
[removed] how members of congress can work together to set the national agenda.
[removed] the centrality of the executive branch in setting the national agenda.
[removed] the importance of arguing claims before the Supreme Court.

2 points   

Question 27

1.

Evidence gathered using the scientific method is superior to anecdotal evidence because

Answer

[removed] scientists are smarter than other people.
[removed] the scientific method generally yields better knowledge than do anecdotes.
[removed] it’s easier to gather evidence using the scientific method.
[removed] because there is only one scientific method that all scientists use consistently.

2 points   

Question 28

1.

People belong to membership interest groups by virtue of

Answer

[removed] having joined and paid dues.
[removed] being a member of a profession.
[removed] joining an institution such as a university .
[removed] having an economic interest in the outcome of policy decisions.

2 points   

Question 29

1.

The laws that are drafted by the legislature are called _____________

Answer

[removed] statutes
[removed] case law
[removed] regulations
[removed] statues
[removed] out laws

2 points   

Question 30

1.

Why were the Articles of Confederation ultimately replaced by the federal Constitution?

Answer

[removed] Federal taxes were too high.
[removed] Many people thought that the national government was too weak to confront national challenges.
[removed] The smaller states felt they had less power under the Articles of Confederation.
[removed] The Articles of Confederation were set to expire in 1789 no matter what.

2 points   

Question 31

1.

In scholarly research, a good theory should

Answer

[removed] generate hypotheses that can be tested.
[removed] solve pressing societal problems.
[removed] be easy to understand.
[removed] conform to what people know about how the world works.

2 points   

Question 32

1.

The substantive area of policy over which participants in policy making compete and compromise is known as

Answer

[removed] the policy community.
[removed] the iron triangle.
[removed] an issue network.
[removed] a policy domain.
[removed] the issue arena.

2 points   

Question 33

1.

Policy makers often use ______________ as a way of floating “trial balloons” to assess the reaction of the public to certain policy issues.

Answer

[removed] the media
[removed] other policy makers
[removed] focus groups
[removed] community forums

2 points   

Question 34

1.

When we discuss the outcomes of policies we are concerned with

Answer

[removed] the substantive accomplishments of the policies.
[removed] the amount of money the government spends to implement a policy.
[removed] the number of people employed in enacting the policy.
[removed] the influence of the policy on congressional elections.

2 points   

Question 35

1.

In the mid-1960s, David Easton first pioneered a model that states that the public policy process is a product of a system. The public policy process is influenced by and influences the environment in which it operates. This model is known as the

Answer

[removed] bi-linear model.
[removed] systems model.
[removed] linear model.
[removed] Dave’s model.
[removed] analysis model.

2 points   

Question 36

1.

The writing of vague policy and law by the Congress implies what for government agencies?

Answer

[removed] Highly restricted agency action.
[removed] The lack of administrative discretion.
[removed] A highly accountable government agency.
[removed] An opportunity for government agencies to shape policy through implementation.

2 points   

Question 37

1.

When newspapers and other media talk about “playing politics” with an issue, they usually mean that

Answer

[removed] A policy issue is undergoing careful scientific analysis.
[removed] Various interests are competing, often in seemingly self-interested ways, to gain their goals at the expense of others.
[removed] An election is being held.
[removed] The president recommends a new policy initiative.

2 points   

Question 38

1.

Casework is most closely associated with which group of actors?

Answer

[removed] interest groups
[removed] legislatures
[removed] the courts
[removed] think tanks

2 points   

Question 39

1.

The daily newspaper of federal regulatory activity is called the ______________

Answer

[removed] Congressional Record.
[removed] Federal Register.
[removed] New York Times.
[removed] Regulatory Tribune.
[removed] Federal Regulatory Times.

2 points   

Question 40

1.

The “Institutional Analysis and Development” framework, associated with Elinor Ostrom’s work, describes policy making and change in terms of

Answer

[removed] long-term periods of stability in policy with short bursts of policy change.
[removed] the joining of problems, policies, and politics in “windows of opportunity” for change.
[removed] how groups join into larger alliances to promote shared interests.
[removed] the idea that boundedly rational people come together in “institutions” to pursue policy goals.

2 points   

Question 41

1.

In American political philosophy, governmental authority is delegated from

Answer

[removed] the president.
[removed] the people.
[removed] the government.
[removed] the Constitution.

2 points   

Question 42

1.

What is the key barrier to interest group growth and success?

Answer

[removed] Legal prohibitions against forming various types of interest groups.
[removed] The amount of time, effort, and expense it takes to create an effective interest group.
[removed] Poor media coverage of issues of importance to Americans.
[removed] Our federal system of government, which makes it hard to form interest groups.

2 points   

Question 43

1.

A policy tool is

Answer

[removed] the law that compels action on the part of implementers.
[removed] a method through which government seeks to achieve a policy objective.
[removed] the equipment government uses to address problems, such as computers, police cars, or medicines.
[removed] an agent of the government whose job it is to implement policy.

2 points   

Question 44

1.

An agenda in the policy process refers to

Answer

[removed] the semi-secret plans of interest groups to gain support for unpopular ideas.
[removed] the implementation of public policy.
[removed] the matters before public institutions that are available for discussion and decision.
[removed] the annual budget bill.

2 points   

Question 45

1.

According to Stone one purpose of using numbers in problem definition is

Answer

[removed] to demonstrate the rationality of a certain policy solution.
[removed] the process of counting something makes people notice it more, and record keeping stimulates reporting.
[removed] numerical strategies prove facts.
[removed] numbers are easy to manipulate.

2 points   

Question 46

1.

Classifying policies as either liberal or conservative is:

Answer

[removed] their ideological content.
[removed] to their cost/ benefit ratio.
[removed] the amount of support a political party gives them.
[removed] to their material or symbolic content.

2 points   

Question 47

1.

Where does the greatest amount agenda setting power in Congress reside?

Answer

[removed] In the Committee Chairs.
[removed] In the Whips.
[removed] In the most Senior Members of Congress.
[removed] In the members from the largest states.

2 points   

Question 48

1.

The separation of powers refers to

Answer

[removed] Relationships between the state and federal government.
[removed] The assignment of powers and duties to the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
[removed] The relative strength of large states in presidential elections.
[removed] The difference in size and prestige between the House and the Senate.

2 points   

Question 49

1.

The idea that interest groups are organized in policy communities within a policy domain is associated with which model of the policy process?

Answer

[removed] punctuated equilibrium.
[removed] systems model.
[removed] advocacy coalition framework.
[removed] streams metaphor.

2 points   

Question 50

1.

Hearings, lawmaking, and congressional oversight hearings are used to

Answer

 

[removed] serve as a check on the bureaucracy.
[removed] enhance presidential power.
[removed] express appreciation for the fine work that bureaucrats do.
[removed] raise money for campaigns and elections.
 

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